Periodic Table of Elements

Element Bismuth - Bi

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Bismuth is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Bismuth. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Overview of Bismuth

Bismuth's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Bismuthum
  • Czech: Bismut
  • Croatian: Bizmut
  • French: Bismuth
  • German: Wismut - r
  • Italian: Bismuto
  • Norwegian: Vismut
  • Portuguese: Bismuto
  • Russian: Висмут
  • Spanish: Bismuto
  • Swedish: Vismut

Atomic Structure of Bismuth

Chemical Properties of Bismuth

Physical Properties of Bismuth

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7440-69-9
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
    • No limits set by NIOSH
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: 0.016
    • Bone/p.p.m: < 0.2
    • Liver/p.p.m: 0.015-0.33
    • Muscle/p.p.m: 0.032
    • Daily Dietary Intake: 0.005-0.02 mg
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: <0.5 mg
  • Discovery Year: Unknown
  • Name Origin:
    German: wissmuth (white mass).
  • Abundance of Bismuth:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 0.048
    • Seawater/p.p.m.:
      • Atlantic Suface: 5.1E-08
      • Atlantic Deep: N/A
      • Pacific Surface: 4E-08
      • Pacific Deep: 4E-09
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): N/A
  • Sources of Bismuth:
    It can be found free in nature and in minerals like bismuthine (Bi2O3) and in bismuth ochre (Bi2O3). Total annual world production: 3,000 tons. Main mining areas are Bolivia, Peru, Japan, Mexico, Canada, Australia.
  • Uses of Bismuth:
    Main use is in pharmaceuticals, low melting point alloys, fuses, sprinklers, glass, ceramics and as a catalyst in rubber production.
  • Additional Notes:

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A list of reference sources used to compile the data provided on our periodic table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

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