Periodic Table of Elements

Element Vanadium - V

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Vanadium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Vanadium. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Overview of Vanadium

Vanadium's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Vanadium
  • Czech: Vanad
  • Croatian: Vanadij
  • French: Vanadium
  • German: Vanadin - r
  • Italian: Vanadio
  • Norwegian: Vanadium
  • Portuguese: Vanádio
  • Russian: Ванадий
  • Spanish: Vanadio
  • Swedish: Vanadin

Atomic Structure of Vanadium

Chemical Properties of Vanadium

Physical Properties of Vanadium

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7440-62-2
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
    • No limits set by NIOSH
  • Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contact
  • Target Organs: Skin, respiratory system
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: <0.0002
    • Bone/p.p.m: 0.0035
    • Liver/p.p.m: 0.006
    • Muscle/p.p.m: 0.02
    • Daily Dietary Intake: 0.04 mg
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: 0.11 mg
  • Discovery Year: 1801
  • Name Origin:
    From Vanadis a Scandinavian goddess.
  • Abundance of Vanadium:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 160
    • Seawater/p.p.m.:
      • Atlantic Suface: 0.0011
      • Atlantic Deep: N/A
      • Pacific Surface: 0.0016
      • Pacific Deep: 0.0018
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 10500
  • Sources of Vanadium:
    Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Vanadium is usually produced as a by-product of refining other ores and from Venezuelan oils. Annual world wide production is around 7,000 tons.
  • Uses of Vanadium:
    It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys which are used in construction materials, tools, springs and jet engines. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer.
  • Additional Notes:
    Many sources credit Nils Sefström with discovering vanadium in 1831, however, this is more of a rediscovery as it had already been discovered in A.M. del Rio in 1801.

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A list of reference sources used to compile the data provided on our periodic table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

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