Periodic Table of Elements

Element Strontium - Sr

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Strontium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Strontium. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Overview of Strontium

Strontium's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Strontium
  • Czech: Stroncium
  • Croatian: Stroncij
  • French: Strontium
  • German: Strontium - s
  • Italian: Stronzio
  • Norwegian: Strontium
  • Portuguese: Estrôncio
  • Russian: Стронций
  • Spanish: Estroncio
  • Swedish: Strontium

Atomic Structure of Strontium

Chemical Properties of Strontium

Physical Properties of Strontium

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7440-24-6
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
    • No limits set by NIOSH
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: 0.031
    • Bone/p.p.m: 36-140
    • Liver/p.p.m: 0.05-0.36
    • Muscle/p.p.m: 0.12-0.35
    • Daily Dietary Intake: 0.8-5 mg
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: 320 mg
  • Discovery Year: 1790
  • Name Origin:
    From Strontian a small Scottish town.
  • Abundance of Strontium:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 370
    • Seawater/p.p.m.:
      • Atlantic Suface: 7.6
      • Atlantic Deep: 7.7
      • Pacific Surface: 7.6
      • Pacific Deep: 7.7
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 790
  • Sources of Strontium:
    Found in minerals celestite and strontianite. Annual world wide production is around 137,000 tons. Primary mining areas are UK, Tunisia, Russia, Germany, Mexico and USA.
  • Uses of Strontium:
    Used in flares and fireworks for crimson color. Also used in nuclear batteries in buoys and phosphorescent paint.
  • Additional Notes:
    A. Crawford first recognized strontium as an element in 1790, but it wasn't isolated until 1808 by Sir Humphry Davy in London England.

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A list of reference sources used to compile the data provided on our periodic table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

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