Periodic Table of Elements

Element Gadolinium - Gd

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Gadolinium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Gadolinium. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Overview of Gadolinium

Gadolinium's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Gadolinium
  • Czech: Gadolinium
  • Croatian: Gadolinij
  • French: Gadolinium
  • German: Gadolium - s
  • Italian: Gadolinio
  • Norwegian: Gadolinium
  • Portuguese: Gadolínio
  • Russian: Гадолиний
  • Spanish: Gadolínio
  • Swedish: Gadolinium Guld

Atomic Structure of Gadolinium

Chemical Properties of Gadolinium

Physical Properties of Gadolinium

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7440-54-2
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
    • No limits set by NIOSH
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: n/a
    • Bone/p.p.m: n/a
    • Liver/p.p.m: n/a
    • Muscle/p.p.m: n/a
    • Daily Dietary Intake: n/a
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: n/a
  • Discovery Year: 1880
  • Name Origin:
    Named after Finnish minerologist J. Gadolin.
  • Abundance of Gadolinium:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 7.7
    • Seawater/p.p.m.:
      • Atlantic Suface: 5.2E-07
      • Atlantic Deep: 9.3E-07
      • Pacific Surface: 0.0000006
      • Pacific Deep: 0.0000015
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 13.2
  • Sources of Gadolinium:
    Chief ors are monazite and bastnasite. World production is around 400 tons annually. Primary mining areas are USA, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Australia and China.
  • Uses of Gadolinium:
    Used in magnets, refractories, magnets, neutron radiography and is alloyed with iron for magneto-optic recording devices.
  • Additional Notes:

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