Periodic Table of Elements

Element Sulfur - S

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Sulfur is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Sulfur. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Overview of Sulfur

Sulfur's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Sulphur
  • Czech: Síra
  • Croatian: Sumpor
  • French: Soufre
  • German: Schwefel - e
  • Italian: Solfo
  • Norwegian: Svovel
  • Portuguese: Enxôfre
  • Russian: Сера
  • Spanish: Azufre
  • Swedish: Svavel

Atomic Structure of Sulfur

Chemical Properties of Sulfur

Physical Properties of Sulfur

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7704-34-9
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
    • No limits set by OSHA
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
    • No limits set by NIOSH
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: 1800
    • Bone/p.p.m: 500-2400
    • Liver/p.p.m: 7000-12000
    • Muscle/p.p.m: 5000-11000
    • Daily Dietary Intake: 850-930 mg
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: 140 g
  • Discovery Year: Unknown
  • Name Origin:
    Latin: sulphurium (brimstone), Sanskrit sulvere
  • Abundance of Sulfur:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 260
    • Seawater/p.p.m.: 870
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 1.6E+07
  • Sources of Sulfur:
    Found in pure form and in ores like cinnabar, galena, sphalerite and stibnite. Also recovered from H2S of natural gas. Annual world production is around 54,000,000 tons. Primary mining areas are USA and Spain.
  • Uses of Sulfur:
    Used in matches, gunpowder, fireworks, batteries, vulcanization of rubber, medicines, permanent wave lotion and pesticides. Also for making sulfuric acid (H2SO4).
  • Additional Notes:

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A list of reference sources used to compile the data provided on our periodic table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

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