Periodic Table of Elements

Element Antimony - Sb

Comprehensive data on the chemical element Antimony is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Antimony. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

Antimony Menu

Overview of Antimony

Antimony's Name in Other Languages

  • Latin: Stibium
  • Czech: Antimon
  • Croatian: Antimon
  • French: Antimoine
  • German: Antimon - r
  • Italian: Antimonio
  • Norwegian: Antimon
  • Portuguese: Actimônio
  • Russian: Суръма
  • Spanish: Antimonio
  • Swedish: Antimon

Atomic Structure of Antimony

Chemical Properties of Antimony

Physical Properties of Antimony

Regulatory / Health

  • CAS Number
    • 7440-36-0 inorganic compounds, n.o.s.
  • UN/NA ID and ERG Guide Number
    • 1549  / 157 inorganic compounds, n.o.s.
    • 2871  / 170 powder
    • 3141  / 157 inorganic liquid compouns, n.o.s.
  • RTECS: CC4025000
  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
  • NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
  • Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contact
  • Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, cardiovascular system
  • Levels In Humans:
    Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily allowances.
    • Blood/mg dm-3: 0.0033
    • Bone/p.p.m: 0.01-0.6
    • Liver/p.p.m: 0.011-0.42
    • Muscle/p.p.m: 0.042-0.191
    • Daily Dietary Intake: 0.002-1.3 mg
    • Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: 2 mg

Who / Where / When / How

  • Discoverer: Known to ancient civilization
  • Discovery Location: ?
  • Discovery Year: Unknown
  • Name Origin:
    Greek: anti (not) monos (alone); Symbol for Latin stibium
  • Abundance of Antimony:
    • Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 0.2
    • Seawater/p.p.m.: 0.0003
    • Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A
    • Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 10
  • Sources of Antimony:
    Found in stibnite (Sb2S3) and in valentinite (Sb2O3). World wide production is around 53,000 tons per year. Primary mining areas are China, Italy, Peru, Mexico, Bolivia and France.
  • Uses of Antimony:
    Used to harden lead alloy's. Also used in solder, bearings, lead batteries, mascara, infrared detectors, plastics and chemicals.
  • Additional Notes:
    Antimony used to be used to provoke vomiting, but the medical dose was too close to the fatal dose. Small does stimulate metabolism, but large doses cause liver damage and can kill.

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